Nanotechnology in electric mobility

Nanotechnology-based innovations have great potential in electric mobility.

The use and incorporation of hybrid nanomaterials enables the production of materials and substances with specifically adjustable chemical and physical properties. In the field of electromobility, a broad portfolio of products results that can be optimized by such materials: energy storage or conversion systems, power electronics components, powertrain and electric motor, car body, and much more.

A key issue for electromobility is the development of more efficient and safe energy storage systems with higher power densities, longer service lives and lower weight.



  • Electrode material in accumulators and supercapacitors is optimized in terms of power density and cycle stability by using nanomaterials.
  • Housing systems for accumulators based on nanomaterials ensure safe transport


  • Nanostructured surfaces or the incorporation of oxidation-stable nanomaterials improves the performance and long-term stability of catalysts, electrodes and membranes in H2 fuel cells.
  • Graphene coatings enable efficient H2 storage.

The use of special potting compounds and modern adhesives in microelectronic components ensures a high level of safety for electronic components in electric vehicles.


  • The incorporation of nanomaterials in potting compounds enables the adjustment of thermal and/or electrical conductivity and increases the lifetime of the electrical component, which is exposed to local heating at high power and current levels in electric vehicles.
  • The mechanical reinforcement of adhesives with nanoparticles enables the protection of pressure-sensitive electronic components.

With increasing voltage and speeds of up to 15,000 rpm, strong alternating electric fields are generated in electric motors, which can lead to electrical discharges and consequently to damage ("electro pitting").

  • Electrically conductive lubricants based on nanomaterials can prevent electrical flashovers and ensure a longer service life of gear components.
  • Wear-resistant nanocoatings minimize friction and therefore reduce the energy demand in electric vehicles.

The use of lightweight construction materials in electromobility can reduce weight and thus save energy.


  • Nanomaterials enable the production of materials that have high strength and whose weight can be successively reduced.
  • Individual components can be miniaturized and thus contribute to reducing the overall mass.